Western female thought and its relation to patriarchy
Traditional patriarchal societies are, usually, also patrilineal — titles and property are inherited through male lines. In an article titled "Aristotle's Account of the Subjection of Women", Stauffer explains that Aristotle believed that in nature a common good came of the rule of a superior being.
She argues that before this development, male dominance was not a feature of human society in general. The patriarchal political theory is closely associated with Sir Robert Filmer.
This, in turn, causes a selection pressure on men to be competitive and succeed in gaining resources in order to compete with other men. She proposed alternative translations and interpretations of passages relating to women, and she applied historical and cultural criticism to a number of verses, arguing that their admonitions applied to specific historical situations, and were not to be viewed as universal commands. But women did not, and so that was the question that I really wanted to explore. At the same time, work by anthropologists and ancient historians was revealing that there were, and had been, family structures, legal systems and whole societies that looked radically different from those in modern Paris, Berlin or London. Young, Hartmann, and other socialist and Marxist feminists use the terms patriarchal capitalism or capitalist patriarchy to describe the interactive relationship of capitalism and patriarchy in producing and reproducing the oppression of women. For an example of this, the Salic Law as applied to property and titles followed male lines strictly. Feminist theory[ edit ] Feminist theorists have written extensively about patriarchy either as a primary cause of women's oppression, or as part of an interactive system. He stated that women are more prone to despondency, more void of shame or self-respect, more false of speech, more deceptive, and of having a better memory.
Aristotle had a hierarchical ruling structure in his theories. It was probably appropriate as a solution for the problems of that time, which was the Bronze Age, but it's no longer appropriate, all right?
Because patriarchy is a social construction, it can be overcome by revealing and critically analyzing its manifestations. Van Badham is a Guardian Australia columnist Topics. Plato discusses this matter with more detail in Timaeus, where he states that men have a superior soul than women 42a : "Humans have a twofold nature, the superior kind should be such as would from then on be called "man". Women were key to the maintenance of human society and community, but with a few exceptions, social and legal power was wielded by men. Sociobiologists use genetics to explain social life, including gender roles. The Origins of Patriarchy Brief Patriarchy is a social structure in which men are considered to have a monopoly on power and women are expected to submit. This is because there are no natural rulers among them but, rather, the association among them is between male and female slave. Instead, one conforms in body type and behavior and values to become an object of male sexual desire, which requires an abandonment of a wide-ranging capacity for choice Aristotle thought a woman's sexual discharge was akin to that of an infertile or amputated male's. Love cannot exist in any relationship that is based on domination and coercion. Strozier , historical research has not yet found a specific "initiating event". It operates through inequalities at the level of the law and the state, but also through the home and the workplace.
For each thing would do its work most nobly if it had one task rather than many. The Origins of Patriarchy Brief Patriarchy is a social structure in which men are considered to have a monopoly on power and women are expected to submit.
Patriarchy and womens oppression
One such contemporary sociobiologist is Steven Goldberg, who, until retirement, was a sociologist at the City College of New York. She remarks the discourse on patriarchy creates a "theoretical impasse We need an army to do it. Retrieved 27 Feb. By rooting patriarchy — a social organization where men rule over women — in historical developments, rather than in nature, human nature or biology, she also opens the door for change. She asks whether a "good mother" trains her son to be competitive, individualistic, and comfortable within the hierarchies of patriarchy, knowing that he may likely be economically successful but a mean person, or whether she resists patriarchal ideologies and socializes her son to be cooperative and communal but economically unsuccessful. It seems to be a zero-sum game.
And the reason we find it so hard, and we have found it so hard, to understand it and to combat it, is that it was institutionalized before Western civilization really, as we know it, was, so to speak, invented, and the process of creating patriarchy was really well completed by the time that the idea systems of Western civilization were formed.
Full Text The origins of patriarchy are closely related to the concept of gender roles, or the set of social and behavioral norms that are considered to be socially appropriate for individuals of a specific sex.
Plato in Timaeus 90e claims that men who were cowards and were lazy throughout their life shall be reborn as women and in the Laws bhe offers his reasons why women should be educated: "Because you neglected this sex, you gradually lost control of a great many things which would be in a far better state today if they had been regulated by law.
I own, I use, I explore, I exploit, I control.
Structure of patriarchy
Comparison with Plato's views on women[ edit ] Aristotle appears to disagree with Plato on the topic whether women ought to be educated, as Plato says that they must be. This implies that any imperfection that is caused in the world must be caused by a woman because one cannot acquire an imperfection from perfection which he perceived as male. The father's semen and the mother's menses encode their parental characteristics. Or take a woman's virtue: there is no difficulty in describing it as the duty of ordering the house well, looking after the property indoors, and obeying her husband. In an interview with Jeffrey Mishlove on "Thinking Aloud," Lerner described her work on the subject of patriarchy: "Other groups that were subordinated in history — peasants, slaves, colonials, any kind of group, ethnic minorities — all of those groups knew very quickly that they were subordinated, and they developed theories about their liberation, about their rights as human beings, about what kind of struggle to conduct in order to emancipate themselves. Because our existence provokes fear of the Other, fear of wildness, fear of sexuality, fear of letting go — our bodies and our hair traditionally hair is a source of magical power must be controlled, groomed, reduced, covered, suppressed. Athenian women were denied such rights. When men embrace feminist thinking and practice, which emphasizes the value of mutual growth and self-actualization in all relationships, their emotional well-being will be enhanced. She asks whether a "good mother" trains her son to be competitive, individualistic, and comfortable within the hierarchies of patriarchy, knowing that he may likely be economically successful but a mean person, or whether she resists patriarchal ideologies and socializes her son to be cooperative and communal but economically unsuccessful. The concept of patriarchy has been central to many feminist theories. When modern historians and sociologists describe a "patriarchal society," they mean that men hold the positions of power and have more privilege: head of the family unit, leaders of social groups, boss in the workplace, and heads of government. Sociobiological explanations use human biology and genetics to explain male control , while social constructionist explanations say that individuals, male and female, actively construct gender roles. Galen[ edit ] Aristotle's assumptions on female coldness influenced Galen and others for almost two thousand years until the sixteenth century.
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