Wars are not a good way to end conflicts between two countries
Wars do not resolve questions but create further disputes
All of these types of knowledge are generic in that they apply across specific situations. Sure at times when you absolutely need to defend yourself then there are certain actions to be taken but only if you chose to do them and they are only evil if you do them with a cold heart. Many practitioners mistrust such conclusions and prefer to trust their own experiential knowledge and that developed by other practitioners. Of course wars exist, but war is not a natural state of affairs, and with increased global communication and discussion it is becoming less of a reality. For example, human rights norms have, through the operations of the CSCE and OSCE, provided increasing leverage for the international community to curb organized state violence against minority groups. Peace and goodwill for others is what we need, not violence. This knowledge was also unchanged by the shift in the world system. Whether for retaliation or resources war is a fact of life that we can never wish away. Other kinds of essential knowledge apply across situations. However, even with the perfect diagnosis of a situation, generic knowledge cannot be expected to provide prescriptions for action, for several reasons. This book does not attempt to comprehensively review knowledge about the effectiveness of the conflict resolution techniques based mainly on the influence of tools of traditional diplomacy. Third, however, some of the most critical events of were not addressed by any of the propositions.
First, general conceptual models identify the critical variables for dealing effectively with the phenomenon in question and the general logic associated with successful use of strategies or techniques to address a type of problem. War can be the best way to attain freedom and end suffering; war is good because of it free citizens from bad rulers who want to take over the world and power hungry.
Because of its wealth, Britain used its power to deter any country from threatening the international peace.
The conceptual challenges include defining and classifying interventions, defining success, and setting reasonable expectations for the effects of an intervention.
Moralistic fallacy- A formal fallacy of assuming that what is desirable is found or inherent in nature. A conceptual model is the starting point for constructing a strategy or response for dealing with a particular conflict situation.
What should be moral is assumed a priori to also be naturally occurring. Sometimes, conflict resolution outcomes are not the only ones relevant to practitioners, who must then weigh those outcomes against other desired outcomes e.
What is 'good' is what is simply what is preferred by the party calling something 'good'.
The so-called truth commissions in South Africa and some Latin American countries use a strategy of conflict transformation when they work to construct a shared understanding of history that can be a basis for emotional reconciliation, tension reduction, and the creation of a more cooperative political climate see Chapter 9.
based on 7 review