The economic and political nature of the american revolution

American revolution economic causes

But the majority of those living in the 13 American colonies were clearly in favor of change. Nor do they want us to remember the significant infringements on the private property, power, and privileges of the then-ruling class that were unleashed by the revolution. Feudalism vs. A new society develops By the late 17th century, the English had established a fairly firm grip on North America, having edged out the Dutch, Swedes, Finns, Germans, and others who had tried to gain a foothold in this part of the New World. His books helped to raise questions about the rights of the governed and the overreach of the British government. But as many as 50, of these served on the British side, supplementing the British regulars. The taxes imposed by the Townshend Acts were as poorly received by the colonists as the Stamp Act had been. Therefore the social consequences of a revolution are not necessarily shaped by the conscious or unconscious desires of those who started it, but more likely by the desires of those who come into control of it at later stages of its development. New York: Free Press,

Drawing upon lessons learned in financing the war, no state under the Constitution would be allowed to coin money or issue bills of credit. It was a living struggle of forces, with many ebbs and flows, and the result was not a foregone conclusion.

benefits of the american revolution

Parliament agreed and repealed the tax on February 21,but they insisted in the Declaratory Act of March that they retained full power to make laws for the colonies "in all cases whatsoever".

The 18th century is known historically as the age of Enlightenment. With plenty of room to maneuver his forces and unable to match those of the British, George Washington chose to engage in a war of attrition.

Political causes of the american revolution

Other uprisings, such as the Whisky Rebellion in Western Pennsylvania, were thereafter handily put down in a show of force by the new national state. In addition, there was an established and state-financed church in nine of the thirteen colonies. They had elected conventions and "legislatures" that existed outside any legal framework; new constitutions were drawn up in each state to supersede royal charters. In addition, the slave trade was legally prohibited—though in practice it continued for decades to come. Having no tax system to generate revenue also made it very difficult to borrow money. Share icon. This rapid decline in value was becoming a serious problem for Congress in that up to this point almost ninety percent of its revenue had been generated from currency emissions. However, it was the economic boycott that became by far the most effective means of altering the new British economic policies. The Criminal Justice System Trade and commerce were overly controlled, the British army made its presence known, and the local colonial government was limited by a power far across the Atlantic Ocean. Fearing a new war with France the British government sent a commission to negotiate a peace treaty with the Americans. On October 9, , they passed the Navigation Acts to pursue a mercantilist policy intended to ensure that trade enriched Great Britain but prohibited trade with any other nations. Its navy was small.

As an independent nation the United States was no longer subject to the regulations of the Navigation Acts. In the struggle between the classes within the colonies themselves, the British were always on the side of reaction, defending the propertied interests and the status quo.

The economic and political nature of the american revolution

It was a living struggle of forces, with many ebbs and flows, and the result was not a foregone conclusion. Here the delegates decided to fundamentally change the nature of their resistance to British policies. Its is a remarkable model of bourgeois democracy—of democracy for the rich. The Sugar Act increased already considerable taxes on molasses and restricted certain export goods to Britain alone. The treaties opened most of Kentucky and West Virginia to colonial settlement. This led to an increased dependence on slave labor and indentured servants, and to even greater tensions between the classes. The best way to protect these rights was by limiting the power of government and allowing people to govern themselves. To do this he compared American trade under the Acts with that which would have occurred had America been independent following the Seven Years War. The American Revolution The American Revolution began when a small and vocal group of colonists became convinced the king and Parliament were abusing them and depriving them of their rights. Eight British soldiers were tried for murder as a result of the confrontation.

There is a general consensus among economic historians today that the economic significance of the ratification of the Constitution was to lay the institutional foundation for long run growth.

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American Revolution