Observing the effects of osmosis on red onion skin cells

The onion layer is about 2mm thick.

Pigment in red onion cells

Make a wet mount of the red onion epidermis. The independent variables in the experiment were the: type of solution, amount of solution, and the type of onion. Replace it with distilled water added at the other side of the coverslip. The control group that the experiment was based upon was a slice of the outer membrane without any solutions added to it. These cells, however, do not separate easily. While if deionized water is added on to cell, then the vacuole size should get larger or stay the same. Students will analyze how solute size and concentration affect diffusion across semi-permeable membranes and how these processes affect water potential. In a sense, the water is diffusing down its concentration gradient. The onion layer is about 2mm thick. The direction of osmosis is determined only by a difference in total solute concentration, not by the nature of the solutes. Intact cells will lose much of the water due to osmosis. Dependent Variables: amount of water inside the vacuole. Explanation Water from the cells moves to the surrounding salt water. Limitations in the experiment could have been that the tunic of the red onion was not thin enough to record accurate data since it was very hard to get a single strand of cells without having two strands on top of each other. The concentration of the pigment rises resulting in a darker color.

Cells are plasmolysed plasmolysis has occurred when the cell contents shrink and come away from the cell wall. Membranes have phospholipid bilayers, containing embedded proteins.

Osmosis in onion cells lab report

Some red pigment may be released from broken cells. All cells can be categorized into two basic cell types. Students will analyze how solute size and concentration affect diffusion across semi-permeable membranes and how these processes affect water potential. If a bowl of fresh strawberries is sprinkled with sugar, a few minutes later the berries will be covered with juice. Protocol Diagram: How to cite this page Choose cite format:. Cover it with a drop or two of distilled water. Controlled Variables:. It is easily observed in cells that are growing at a rapid pace such as whitefish blastula or onion root tips, which are used in this lab. There will be about 1mm of onion between the knife and the red pigmented layer. Make a properly labeled drawing of the cells' appearance in your data. Make a cut beneath the red layer and firmly press the red part of the onion against the edge of the knife, without cutting yourself… Carefully tear off the layer of red cells. The purpose of this experiment is to demonstrate how living cells rely on osmosis, the diffusion of water. Try to determine the highest NaCl concentration at which no plasmolysis can be observed. The cell content the red part of the cell starts to shrivel up.

Since the experiment was only conducted once, there were no repeated trials, leading the data to be more prone to errors and uncertainties. These three facts are referred to as the cell theory.

Diffusion-the net movement of molecules or atoms from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration.

determine the water potential of plant epidermal cells

Cover it with a drop or two of distilled water. The independent variables in the experiment were the: type of solution, amount of solution, and the type of onion.

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Observing Plasmolysis