Chapter 9 group behavior notes
Chapter 9 foundations of group behavior multiple choice
Increase time members spend together. Transition takes This causes a shift towards more conservative or risky behavior Interacting groups Typical groups in which members interact with each other face to face Brainstorming An idea-generation process that specifically encourages any and all alternatives while withholding any criticism of those alternatives Nominal group technique A group decision-making method in which individual members meet face to face to pool their judgments in a systematic but independent fashion 1. Which of the following Give rewards to the group, not to individuals. Groups have two or more members. Goal achievement. Reduce the size of the group to 10 or less Members apply direct pressure on those who express doubts about shared views or who question the alternative favored by the majority. First phase is one of inertia 3. There is power in numbers. Which one of the following characteristics is not necessarily true about groups? What cannot be achieved individually often becomes possible through group action. Group members are interdependent. Individual Choice 18 Strengths of Group Decision MakingWeaknesses of Group Decision Making Generate more complete information and knowledge Time-consuming activity Offer increased diversity of views and greater creativity Conformity pressures in the group Increased acceptance of decisionsDiscussions can be dominated by a few members Generally more accurate but not as accurate as the most accurate group member A situation of ambiguous responsibility Effectiveness and Efficiency 19 Group Decision Making Group-think and Group-shift 19 Group-thinkGroup-shift Situations where group pressures for conformity deter the group from critically appraising unusual, minority, or unpopular views When discussing a given set of alternatives and arriving at a solution, group members tend to exaggerate the initial positions that they hold.
Encourage agreement with group goals. Groups can provide people with feelings of self-worth. There are times when it takes more than one person to accomplish a particular task—there is a need to pool talents, knowledge, or power in order to complete a job Group Development Groups pass through a predictable sequence Not al groups follow the 5 stage model The five Stage Model Characterizes groups as proceeding through the distinct stages of forming, storming, performing, and adjourning Groups become more effective as they progress through stages Groups proceed at different rates and can even regress to previous stages 1.
Foundations of individual and group behaviour
Encourage group leaders to be impartial Members who have doubts or differing points of view keep silent about misgivings. There is power in numbers. They are a task force Interest Group- ppl who get together to attain a specific objective with which each individual is concerned Friendship Groups- groups who gather when they have one or more characteristics There is no single reason individuals join groups most people join groups because… Security. Goal achievement. Groups can provide people with feelings of self-worth. Increase group status and admission difficulty. Performing- Structure is fully functional and accepted Group energy has moved from getting to know and understand each other to performing the task at hand This is the final stage for permanent groups 5. Groups interact.
Julia, Bree, and David work in different departments but often eat lunch together. Which one of the following characteristics is not necessarily true about groups?
Reduce the size of the group to 10 or less Members apply direct pressure on those who express doubts about shared views or who question the alternative favored by the majority. This causes a shift to more conservative or more risky behavior. Performing- Structure is fully functional and accepted Group energy has moved from getting to know and understand each other to performing the task at hand This is the final stage for permanent groups 5.
Inclusion in a group that is viewed as important by others provides recognition and status for its members.
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