Changing: The situation is diagnosed and new models of behavior are explored and tested. William Barry's living educational theory approach to action research[ edit ] Main article: Living educational theory William Barry Atkins and Wallace defined an approach to action research which focuses on creating ontological weight.
Argyris applies single- and double-loop learning concepts not only to personal behaviors but also to organizational behaviors in his models. French and Cecil Bell define organization development OD at one point as "organization improvement through action research".
Minor adjustments of this nature can be made in learning activities via Feedback Loop B see Figure 1. Action research provides the motivation, discipline and resources for teachers to apply their reflective practices into a more meaningful outcome.
Where can your research question come from? Reflecting national patterns, the vast majority of elementary teachers in our sample are white females who earned their teaching credential through traditional certification programs. For example, you may have read an article in which the author said that letting students use their Mother Tongue in group work improves the quality of their feedback.
When actions are designed to achieve the intended consequences and to suppress conflict about the governing variables, a single-loop learning cycle usually ensues.
In a study of 35 middle school math teachers, Ruzek et al. White describe three models to research explanatory, interpretive and critical that formed by a complimentary philosophical position and logic.